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Objective and Key Result -A new methodology in Performance Indicator

OKR Means The hiring process is arduous and expensive, retaining high performers can be even more difficult, and assessing the performance of the employees is no less than a herculean task. Various performance tools and consultants with their experience exist in the industry, but OKRs have proven to be an effective way to measure performance. The objective key results method was introduced and developed by Dr.G.D. Roberts at Hewlett-Packard in 1973. It is still in use today and enjoying increased popularity, especially among rapidly developing high-tech companies and companies with a flat management structure in which everyone is an initiator and director of their activities. [/caption]

OKR was initially developed by Intel and later adopted by Google as a means of tracking short- and long-term goals and desired results (OKRs) within an organization. As of yet, there is no standardization across industries regarding what an OKR looks like or how it should be set up, so each company sets its own policies based on its needs—hence why OKR has become one major tool for PMs in recent years. The key results have gained popularity in new construction in the area of human resource management. There are two major meanings that make up the meaning of the objective key result. First, the objective key result is the process in which a particular target is chosen, and second, it’s the particular target that each individual employee sets for himself to satisfy the goal of his company. In other ways, OKR, which is Objectives and Key Results, is a way of evaluating the performance of a team or employee in an organization. 

To perform the OKRs, there need to be 3 teams and each team has to set their objectives and create a result with help of their key results. The results are expected to be temporary i.e they should implement improvements in their performance on every passing day so that they don’t become static. The members must be assigned targets for achieving the “OKRs”. This method is widely used by Google. Objective Key Results (OKRs) are one of the most popular and effective performance management tools that have been used over the past decades. Objective key results (OKRs) is the most widely used strategic planning framework among Fortune 500 companies. Some of these companies are Alphabet, Facebook, Cisco, and IBM. OKR is a replacement for the process of business planning and goal setting for startups. OKRs are supposed to give ownership and focus on the organization’s big goals and strategies. The idea behind OKRs is that they should be measurable, time-bound, and significant. They should have the right weight. This process of measurement, negotiation, and agreement is more flexible than traditional ways of setting objectives.

Advantages of OKR:-

  • Objective Key Results is a coaching and training program that accompanies the research-based talent assessment system, Objective Management Group, which combines 360-degree feedback, leadership assessments and thousands of hours of coaching from O.M.G. certified coaches to create rapid skill development of an organization’s top performers.
  • The importance of well-defined, objective key results (OKRs) cannot be overemphasized. Many organizations still find it hard to believe when they are told that their current business performance is poor because they have neglected to define their OKRs and objectives. Setting them up can make the business operations more effective, democratic and cost-efficient in the long term.
  • OKRs are widely acknowledged as one of the best goal-setting and tracking systems available. Effective use of this goal-setting process can lead to the success of a business.
  • The most important component of any project is the objective key result or OKR. They don’t just tell you what has to be done but also help you track your progress towards that outcome.
  • OKRs are considered important because they have a tremendous impact on the performance of your organization.
  • The goal of OKRs is to meet expectations and increase overall performance while reducing time and cost.
  • When it comes to planning, most of us are familiar with the calendar, post-it notes, or notebooks. You can designate a time to accomplish tasks and track your progress. It is an effective way to organize your activities. If you take this a step further and add accountability to your goals, you’ve got Objectives & Key Results.  While setting objectives and goals are important, they don’t always achieve desired outcomes. Unlike annual performance reviews that focus on the past year’s achievement, OKRs focus on current objectives to achieve future results.
  • Objectives and key results (OKRs)have been used to successfully scale agile transformations in many businesses.  For example, it’s possible to scale agile while reducing the time required for feedback. This approach is an early means for you to identify challenges.
  • According to a report, only one-third of employees worldwide are engaged in their organizations. To increase engagement, companies need to build a two-way communication network via a system of OKRs.
  • The OKR methodology sets shorter and quantifiable objectives. Each objective contains multiple key results that serve as checkpoints on a journey towards reaching that objective. Monitoring progress toward these goals regularly leads to a better understanding of challenges, which can be solved early so that the long-term target can be achieved.  This can help avoid the need for drastic changes and moreover, it saves time, effort and resources.
  • Objectives and key results help to set goals for the entire organization, which align with the overall vision and mission of the company. These can be broken down into team or individual objectives, and it’s important to ensure that teams are aligned to the company’s objective. It can also make a goal more attainable if each team or person has smaller objectives that align with a larger organizational goal.
  • Objectives and key results ensure that employees understand company objectives, while goals set by team members ensure in-sync communication between groups. Teams are more likely to achieve success with 60% of OKRs being set by team members.
  • Objectives and Key Results (OKRs)are a performance management system that can provide direction, establish goals, and enable the achievement of overarching objectives. OKR frameworks are based on transparent objectives, which are not met without clear key results.

Need of OKRAs

the popularity of Agile software development methodologies, such as Scrum and Kanban, grows, so does the interest in OKR. Founded at Intel in 1991 to align employees around measurable targets, OKRs have gained momentum in several companies. OKR roadmaps have helped numerous companies increase sales and revenues, as well as improve time-to-market and time-to-innovation for products.  It’s a methodology that helps accomplish company objectives by tracking KPIs (Key Performance Indicators). OKR is a management process that provides clarity and focuses on everyone in your organization. Successful startups are always in a resource-constrained environment and must prioritize their focus to survive.  A common vision shared by all team members is essential for encouraging focus and steering the company away from turbulent waters.  OKR makes sure that everyone is on the same page about the direction of your company, which results in alignment and engagement.

How to use OKR?

OKRs help companies achieve their objectives. And yet, these objectives would be useless if team members don’t know where the company is going—and its hould not just be about making money; the objectives should also include a higher purpose.

For example, the objective of Google is to “organize the world’s information and make it universally available and useful.” Having a higher purpose would motivate your team and allow each team member to align his or her efforts in the same direction.

OKRs require a healthy corporate culture to succeed. Employees should trust that everyone is working towards common objectives and not to get the biggest slice of the pie for themselves. In a healthy corporate culture, employees should be able to give and receive constructive feedback and should be encouraged to seek out collaboration between team members and departments.

Employees find it difficult to align their OKRs with the company’s strategic direction when top management fails to take the program seriously. Top management should demonstrate leadership by setting and achieving OKRs and treating them important.

To set and align OKRs it is best to conduct strategic sessions among key people in the company. It is a good idea to conduct this once each quarter, or twice a year, and to keep the sessions short.

One person should be account able for making sure the OKRs are met. He would also be accountable for making sure the OKRs are implemented correctly.

The team should hold regular meetings to review their OKRs. Weekly or bi-weekly meetings are sufficient the OKRs and resolving blockers. There is no need to involve all members of the team in these meetings. After each cycle, the team should share the most important achievements with all the team and announce publicly the main focus for the next period, creating public commitments for each team member and motivating them to achieve their OKRs.

OKR is a very simple and straightforward method to track goals. It is are volutionary technology when it comes to tracking metrics used in business. If you adopt the OKR methodology appropriately and make the right changes in your organization, it can help to drive a more effective process of decision-making.This means better products, faster time to market and ultimately, higher levels of customer satisfaction even while boosting the bottom line results.